The development of Earth’s natural satellite began with the Luna 2 probe. In 1959, this Soviet spacecraft became the first artificial vehicle to reach the surface of the Moon. It ushered in an era of great discoveries: the launch of the first automatic probes, the first lunar rover, and the first man to set foot on the Moon. Interest in lunar flights waned for some time after that, but now human eyes are again turning moonwards.
Our report covers all lunar missions: from the first success of Luna 2 and the Apollo program to plans for new expeditions and the establishment of lunar bases.